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Answers from the BJC Experts

Ask the BJC Expert allows you to get the answers you need about a variety of health, medicine and exercise issues to help you live a more healthy life.

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When my glucose levels are too high or too low, what foods should I eat to regulate it?

The best thing to do to keep your glucose levels regulated, is to eat regular meals, space your carbohydrates throughout the day, eat about the same time and the same amount of carbs at each meal. It's the consistency of your intake that helps with your glucose levels the most, plus regular exercise. You want to go no more than 4-5 hours without eating a meal or a snack.

There are no specific foods to eat if your blood sugars are too high. Exercise will help lower you blood sugar, and regular meals and more fiber will help.

If your blood sugar drops below 70, you should treat the low blood sugar using the 15:15 rule. Consume 15 grams of carbohydrates (say 1/2 cup of juice), wait 15 minutes, then recheck your blood sugar levels. You may need to treat again with another 15 grams of carbohydrates.

I have two suggestions: first, make an appointment with a registered dietitian or a certified diabetes educator to discuss controlling your glucose levels. Nutrition counseling services are available at:

BJC dietitians also can be located by calling Help For Your Health at 314.747.7234.

Second, go to the American Diabetes Association website for recipes, lots of information and answers to any other questions.

Consistency with your carbohydrate intake is the key.

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