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My mother is 83 and has type 2 diabetes. What are acceptable parameters for her fasting and A1c?

Ideally, your mother would discuss those goals with her doctor or CDE that her doctor works with. They know your mother and her health issues better than anyone. But, a typical fasting goal would be between 90 and 130 mg/dl. Under 140 mg/dl might also be considered low enough. An A1c should be 7.0 percent or lower for a senior, in most cases.
Our blood glucose levels do make a difference, even at her age. She will generally feel better and more energetic when her sugar is in proper range. Also, high sugars can damage all our blood vessels over time, which increases the risk for heart attacks, strokes, and poor circulation in our legs. Those are just a few complications. There are many more, such as kidney disease and loss of vision.

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